Fresco (derived from Italian. Fresco, literally – fresh) is one of the wall painting techniques. The painting is painted on wet plaster with paints diluted in water. When dried, a film forms on the surface that protects the mural, making it extremely durable. The fresco was already known during the Aegean culture (2 thousand years BC), but its heyday falls on the Renaissance. Artists of this era used multi-layer polished soils with the addition of marble dust. The outstanding masters of Renaissance fresco painting were Michelangelo and Raphael. In Christian culture, the fresco has become a favorite way of decorating the internal, and sometimes the external walls of the temple.
Today, any wall painting is called a fresco. Continue reading