COURSE CASES OF SALES OF PICTURES AT AUCTIONS
Today, no one can guarantee 100 percent authenticity of certain art objects. Auction house Sotheby's gives a guarantee on the authenticity of a work of art for two years. Often,…

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Engraving: concept, essence
Engraving is the youngest of the visual arts. If the origin of painting, sculpture, drawing, architecture is lost in prehistoric epochs, then the appearance of engraving is more or less…

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How profitable to buy a painting for investment
Buying paintings by contemporary artists, even little-known ones, can often be associated with significant costs. Therefore, it is important to talk about the profitability and justification of such costs. You…

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MODERN PORTRAIT EXCLIBRIS

Portrait bookplate – one of the oldest types of book characters – appeared after the stamp. The first engraved bookplate is considered the emblem of the knight Bernhardt von Rohrbach, made in 1460 by the German engraver Bartel Schön. The portrait ex-libris was not long in coming; the earliest surviving portrait ex-libris was made in 1498 for the Basel Bishop of Limberger. It is not necessary to doubt the time of appearance of this bookplate, it shows the date of its creation, no date was indicated on any of its predecessors.

The origin of portraiture dates back to ancient times. The oldest known attempt to portray a human face has 27 millennia, it was discovered in the cave of Villoner near the French city of Angouleme in the department of Charente. The word “portrait” originates from the outdated French word portraire – to write off someone’s image. The first who proposed to use the term “portrait” exclusively for “depicting a (concrete) human being” was the French art historian and official court historian of King Louis XIV Andre Felibien. Continue reading

Engraving Techniques

But circulation is only one of the properties of engraving. Engraving is a special kind of fine art and it has its own language, its aesthetics, its capabilities, which are distinct from other types of art. And to a very large extent this originality of the engraving is determined by its technological side.

In engraving, there are a huge number of species, subspecies, varieties of technology. They are born in certain epochs, often die off after several decades, transformed are reborn at another time. And all this diversity is designed to expand the expressive capabilities of engraving, to enrich its language. After all, engraving, in principle, has a much more limited range of means than, say, painting: a line and a tonal Continue reading

Art criticism analysis and description of Pierre-Auguste Renoir’s “Nude” painting

Parisians are born with all the shortcomings, but the wonderful fairy gives any flaw to their charm and enchantment. This fairy is grace.
Heinrich Heine
The painting “Naked” was written by Pierre-Auguste Renoir during the transitional period of his work, when the development of his art was approaching the zenith of fame after difficult years of misunderstanding and sharp criticism: “Rough blots, inspiring thoughts of decaying flesh – this was the first time they spoke about my paintings. It is not surprising that from time to time, Monet and I, to distract ourselves, ate a shpigovanny turkey, which was poured with chambertin, ”Renoir later recalled.
The artist embodied a completely new idea of ​​the ideal of female beauty, which was not recognized by the official Salon. Renoir did not resort to the plot scenery, like his predecessor E. Manet in the famous “Olympia”. The artist does not try to elevate his model to the goddess and thereby justify her. In the words of Edmond Duranti (in an article on painting), “The masters of antiquity created what they saw … Depict and you what you see.” The heroine of Renoir – the Parisian beauty Anna (“belle Anne”) remains a model. The model was a girl from Montmartre, who Continue reading

HOW TO TENSION CANVAS ON A FRAME
FRAME The stretcher serves as the basis for stretching the canvas. Subframes are of 2 types: modular (prefabricated, wedge) and deaf. Modular (prefabricated, wedge) subframes can be bought in almost…

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Fake PICTURES
Fake paintings, as an imitation of the painting style and the plot of the work of a famous master for enrichment, has always existed. According to experts, the amount of…

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EUROPEAN PAINTING SCHOOLS
The Antwerp School is an art school that has existed for several centuries in the city of Antwerp, now Belgium. Representatives of the Antwerp school: Joachim Patinir, Joos van Kleve,…

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TIPS FOR DEVELOPING AQUARIUS TECHNOLOGY
What does an inquisitive artist need to know in mastering the watercolor technique in order to avoid the wrong path? And are there any special secrets of watercolor craftsmanship? The…

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