Painted varnishes are 30% solutions of resins in pinene, with the exception of kopalovy varnish, where kopalovy resin is dissolved in linseed oil. The following types of varnishes are available, used as additives to oil paints: mastic, dammar, pistachio, acrylic-pistachio and kopal.
Mastic varnish. 30% solution of mastic resin in pinene. Mastic varnish can serve not only as an additive to paints, but also by wiping the intermediate layers during layer-by-layer painting, replacing retouched varnish in this. Apply mastic varnish and as a cover for oil and tempera painting. Tends to turn a little yellow over time. Gives the work a glossy finish. Very elastic.
The varnish is damn. 30% solution of dammar resin in pinene with the addition of ethyl alcohol. Dammar varnish is used as an additive to paints and as a topcoat. During storage, it sometimes loses transparency, but Continue reading
Imprimatur is a simple and effective way to create color harmony in a painting. In thin-layer writing, the color of the soil, shining through the layers of paints, combines them in a coloristic sense. So, on soils with warm and hot shades of color it is easier to withstand painting in warm colors, on gray – in silver, on cold – in cold, on dark soil – in dark colors, etc. Imprimaturity facilitates the work of the artist and technologically speeds up the process of painting. The artist can not apply extra paint layers, and this, in turn, gives great strength to the paint layer and improves the safety of the painting. In addition, imprimaturism is a layer that does not allow excessive penetration of oil from paints into the ground, eliminating the phenomenon of excessive drying of oil paints, common in our time.
Sometimes even large planes of the canvas with a pronounced imprimature and texture of the soil do not overlap with other colors, but remain unwritten and enter the picturesque-plastic solution of the picture. Ground color is used to solve contrasts, to achieve realistic transmission of body modeling and light intensity.
“The color of the soil can play a big role in painting, if you use it according to the method of the old masters, that is, give it the opportunity to shine through layers of paints and thus take an active part in the overall effect of painting. Continue reading
A brush is nothing more than a simple tool to help an artist complete his plan. But as with every tool with brushes, you must also be able to handle.
First, let’s get acquainted with the brush device, which is common to almost all types. Art brushes consist of three main parts: a hair bundle, a metal clip (capsule) and a wooden handle. The hair bundle, the actual working part of the brush, is natural or synthetic hair, collected in a bundle of a certain shape and size. The clip serves to shape, preserve the beam and connect it to the handle. The clip is made of metal and other materials. Seamless clips are the most convenient to use and outwardly more attractive. A good quality pen can only be made of hardwood hardwood (beech, birch, etc.). Continue reading