From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can mix paints on the palette, clean the palette, remove excess paint from the canvas or paint a picture.
Despite the fact that the palette knife is known as an instrument of modern painters, the tradition of its use originates from the Renaissance, from the works of Titian. Using a palette knife, some details were made on the canvases of Rembrandt and Francisco Goya.
Gustave Courbet became the first artist to actively use a palette knife. The artist described his method of work: “First I determine where the darkest colors in the picture will be, mark their location, apply them with a palette knife or a flat brush. Not a single detail is visible in the dark … then I apply less and less intense shades … I try to find them the place … then I put the halftone, and so on until the brightest, until Continue reading
The basis for painting is any physically existing material or surface on which paints are applied: metal, wood, fabric, paper, brick, stone, plastic, vellum paper (thin parchment, wax, tracing paper), parchment, plaster, glass. However, only a few of them represent the traditional foundations for oil painting; They are divided into two groups: elastic (flexible) substrates, which include canvas and paper, and rigid, combining wood, sheet fiberboard, fiberboard, canvas on cardboard (board) and metal.
The most popular and widely used base is canvas. However, the status of the canvas as a standard basis for painting is relatively young. Ancient artists preferred to work in encaustic on wooden foundations, and in the Middle Ages this practice gave impetus to the development and use of egg tempera on boards – the primary and most important form of easel painting of that time. In the fifteenth century, at the initial stages of evolution, oil painting existed as a way to refine or – the final stage of tempera technology: the main focus was still on small things with careful detailing. Such paintings by Flemish artists, for example, preferred to paint in oil on primed wooden boards. Continue reading
World painting boasts an impressive history of fakes. Such things have happened at all times and in all countries. And one of the funniest hoaxes happened half a century ago in Germany.
As it is known, lawsuits exposing counterfeiters are not uncommon. And any of them should start, the media must inform the on-call sensation, albeit already far from fresh: “75 million lime masterpieces circulate throughout Europe, and, according to experts, their number will increase every year!”
That’s after all what heights the falsifiers, mystifiers and other adventurers from art have reached! But it is unlikely they could be able to crank their scams so easily if there weren’t good “teachers” behind them Continue reading