A brush is nothing more than a simple tool to help an artist complete his plan. But as with every tool with brushes, you must also be able to handle.
First, let’s get acquainted with the brush device, which is common to almost all types. Art brushes consist of three main parts: a hair bundle, a metal clip (capsule) and a wooden handle. The hair bundle, the actual working part of the brush, is natural or synthetic hair, collected in a bundle of a certain shape and size. The clip serves to shape, preserve the beam and connect it to the handle. The clip is made of metal and other materials. Seamless clips are the most convenient to use and outwardly more attractive. A good quality pen can only be made of hardwood hardwood (beech, birch, etc.). Continue reading
Fake paintings, as an imitation of the painting style and the plot of the work of a famous master for enrichment, has always existed. According to experts, the amount of funds annually obtained from the sale of fakes in Russia is from 8 to 50% of the total volume of transactions with paintings, estimated at $ 200 – 700 million.
Falsification of paintings by craftsmen is a business for many: manufacturers, dealers, buyers, police, insurance agencies.
The problem of fakes, especially their manufacture, really sharply arose in the second half of the 20th century, when new physicochemical methods for determining authenticity appeared. In 1965, it turned out that the portrait of Earl Wellington at the London National Gallery, attributed to Goya, was just a fake. In 1976 – that in the Cornell Museum Koro’s fakes are stored. Throughout his career, Corot painted about 600 paintings, but only three thousand walk on the American market. In the Metropolitan Museum of 66 utensils of 8 thousand years ago, brought from excavations in Turkey, only 18, indeed, are ancient. And this is in the most prestigious museums in the world. What to speak about private collections!
In 1996, the exposed counterfeit manufacturer Eric Hebborn published the book The Art Forgers Handbook, a Continue reading
From several biographical sources it is known that Michelangelo forged ancient Roman sculptures. He created a new marble sculpture, then smashed it, buried it in the garden and after some time declared that he had found Roman antiques.
A few years later, Cardinal Raffael Riario discovered a forgery and demanded his money back from antique dealer Baldassare del Milanese. He took the Sleeping Cupid back and sold it much more as Michelangelo’s original, since by that time Michelangelo had become the most sought-after sculptor.
Biographer Giorgio Vasari wrote: “Michelangelo also reproduced the drawings of various old masters in such a way that he could be mistaken, because he aged and smoked with smoke and various other things so that they really seemed old and, when comparing them with the authentic ones, distinguish one from another it was impossible. And he did this only in order to return the reproduced ones to get genuine drawings that delighted Continue reading