PALETTE KNIFE
From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can…

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TURNER JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM (1775-1851)
The history of the English landscape is a large and complex topic. And a special place in it is occupied by a talented artist - William Turner, whose deeply emotional…

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CHOOSE PAPER FOR AQUARIUS
If you have recently started to paint with watercolors, you must have already had questions about the different types of watercolor paper. Whatever the paper, it has its advantages and…

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past tense only

EXCLIBRES OF MASONS

For a long time, the construction of huge cathedrals continued in the Middle Ages. Builders settled in the immediate vicinity of the construction site, gradually entering into close relations with each other. Over time, these unions formed workshops. The rules for relations between members, the admission of new comrades, and the resolution of disputes were developed. A ceremony was also established for various occasions. The room where they stored their tools was called a lodge. Hence, the brotherhood of builders and their assemblies were called the “lodge”, and their members – free masons (free mason). Then the lodge became known as the main organizational unit of Freemasonry. As you know, the workshops were closed to people of other professions. But from the end of the 16th century, non-construction workers — “outside masons”, rich and scholars who had the idea to use building partnerships as the basis for creating secret isoteric societies – gained access there.

Masons carry out ritual ceremonies and, although there is no single Masonic ritual, many of them are very similar. For example, all Masons use in their rites the architectural symbolism of the tools of medieval masons, especially two of them – a square and a pair of compasses, which are always in the box. Masons should “verify their actions Continue reading

GENRES IN JAPANESE ART
Japanese painting is one of the oldest and most beautiful in the world. Japanese art had a great influence on European painting. Japanese Ukiyo-e woodcuts (paintings of a changing world)…

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ENGLISH AQUAREL, PAINTING OF OLD MASTERS
Watercolor is often called the most moody and unpredictable technique. This is due to many nuances of the behavior of water-based paints. An artist inexperienced in watercolor painting, even observing…

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VARIETIES OF GENRE STILL LIFE
Still life (from the French. Nature morte - dead, inanimate nature) - an artistic image of various household items. In the XV-XVI centuries, a still life was considered as part…

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STORAGE AND CARE OF ART
PAINT STORAGE REQUIREMENTS: temperature and humidity conditions: 18-22 ° С at 40-70% humidity maximum illumination 150 lux lamps with a power of more than 100 candles (100W incandescent lamp or…

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