From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can mix paints on the palette, clean the palette, remove excess paint from the canvas or paint a picture.
Despite the fact that the palette knife is known as an instrument of modern painters, the tradition of its use originates from the Renaissance, from the works of Titian. Using a palette knife, some details were made on the canvases of Rembrandt and Francisco Goya.
Gustave Courbet became the first artist to actively use a palette knife. The artist described his method of work: “First I determine where the darkest colors in the picture will be, mark their location, apply them with a palette knife or a flat brush. Not a single detail is visible in the dark … then I apply less and less intense shades … I try to find them the place … then I put the halftone, and so on until the brightest, until Continue reading
Artistic paints consist of colored powder – a pigment and a binder that holds together the smallest particles. In painting, mainly inorganic coloring materials are used, as more persistent, less often organic.
There are pigments of natural origin and prepared artificially.
In ancient times, artists used exclusively dyes found in nature in the form of various minerals: malachite, azurite, auripigment, lapis lazuli (lapis lazuli) and all kinds of colored earths. In addition, they used dyes of organic origin, which were obtained from various plants and simple animal organisms – mollusks, worms.
But over time, many natural pigments were replaced by artificial ones. For example, blue ultramarine paint, which was valued more than gold (it was obtained from lapis lazuli minerals), was replaced in the 19th century by cheap artificial ultramarine.
Of the natural dyes, only earthy pigments have retained their value. They are usually mined when developing open pits. The produced rocks are dried, crushed and subjected to separation, separating the smallest particles. These pigments are durable, resistant to weathering, to light. They have not bright, but the most Continue reading
World painting boasts an impressive history of fakes. Such things have happened at all times and in all countries. And one of the funniest hoaxes happened half a century ago in Germany.
As it is known, lawsuits exposing counterfeiters are not uncommon. And any of them should start, the media must inform the on-call sensation, albeit already far from fresh: “75 million lime masterpieces circulate throughout Europe, and, according to experts, their number will increase every year!”
That’s after all what heights the falsifiers, mystifiers and other adventurers from art have reached! But it is unlikely they could be able to crank their scams so easily if there weren’t good “teachers” behind them Continue reading