But circulation is only one of the properties of engraving. Engraving is a special kind of fine art and it has its own language, its aesthetics, its capabilities, which are distinct from other types of art. And to a very large extent this originality of the engraving is determined by its technological side.
In engraving, there are a huge number of species, subspecies, varieties of technology. They are born in certain epochs, often die off after several decades, transformed are reborn at another time. And all this diversity is designed to expand the expressive capabilities of engraving, to enrich its language. After all, engraving, in principle, has a much more limited range of means than, say, painting: a line and a tonal Continue reading
The Antwerp School is an art school that has existed for several centuries in the city of Antwerp, now Belgium.
Representatives of the Antwerp school: Joachim Patinir, Joos van Kleve, Herry met de Bles, Peter Cook van Alst, Peter Artsen, Peter Brueghel Sr., Cornelis Floris de Wrindt, Gillis van Koningsloe, Cornelis van Dahl, Jan Bruegel Sr., Jan Brueghel Jr., Bartolomeus Spranger, Tobias Verhacht, Abel Scott, Anthony More, Adrian Kay, Frans Floris, Jan van Hemessen, Jan Masseys, Quentin Masseys Jr., Adam van Noort, Joos de Momper, France Purbus Sr., France Purbo Otus Van Jr. Veen, Martin de Vos, Sebastian Wranks.
Antwerp School of Painting
Sower. Jean Francois Millet Continue reading
The history of the English landscape is a large and complex topic. And a special place in it is occupied by a talented artist – William Turner, whose deeply emotional art is much ahead of his time. Northumberland Coast William Turner
William Turner was born at the end of April 1775 in London. Already in childhood, the boy showed great drawing abilities. “The artist’s father proudly hung up his drawings in his barber shop and sold them for 2-3 shillings. These were first copies from then fashionable topographic views of picturesque places, castles, ruins, architectural monuments of London. The father regarded his son’s drawing lessons not as an empty entertainment, but as a fairly reliable source of extra money. ” At the end of the 18th century, topographical sketches were very popular in England, then translated into engravings, illustrating all kinds of guides and descriptions. On the recommendation of some artists who noticed the talented drawings of the boy, he was admitted to the Royal Academy in December 1789.
At the academy, he attended the last lectures of Reynolds, who had a significant influence on Turner. The young artist carefully studied the masters of the past and contemporary artists. Copying other people’s works, he creatively Continue reading