The art of hand weaving is one of the oldest forms of decorative art. Each country and era made its changes in technology, interpretation of images and applied value of carpets and trellises. In different countries and at different times, carpets and trellises were called differently – they unite their similar technologies and materials used. Carpets spread more actively in the countries of the East, as this was facilitated by the way of life of people.
The earliest examples of artistic weaving were discovered in America in Peru at the turn of 2500 BC. In Western Europe, artistic weaving came from the Muslim East through Spain. The earliest one that has survived is considered to be a trellis, woven in the XI century by Rhine craftsmen. From the 12th-13th centuries, German masters developed trellis art and their work began to penetrate into Scandinavia. And from the end of the 14th century, trellis spread throughout Europe. Starting with the Raphael series of cardboards for the trellises of the Sistine Chapel, trellises are considered as works of art. Trellis has always been very expensive. A very interesting fact is known when a French prince was bought from a Continue reading
A portrait (derived from the French word portrait) is an artistic image of a person with the transmission of his inner world.
In the portrait, a person can be depicted on the chest, waist, hips, knees, full height.
The portrait may have a different turn of the head: in full face, in a quarter of a turn to the right or left, half-turn, in three quarters, in profile.
The format of the portrait can be different: rectangular vertical, rectangular horizontal, square, oval or round.
The portrait is divided by size: portrait miniature, easel portrait (painting, graphic, sculpture), monumental portrait (monument, mural, mosaic).
The portrait is divided by the method of execution: oil, pencil, pastel, watercolor, dry brush, engraved, miniature, photographic, etc.
A portrait can be painted in various styles: academicism, realism, impressionism, expressionism, modern, abstract art, surrealism, cubism, pop art, etc. Continue reading
Landscape (from French paysage – country, locality) is a genre of fine art in which nature is the main subject of the image.
As an independent genre, the landscape appeared already in the VI century in Chinese art. The traditions of Chinese landscape painting have had a great influence on Japanese art.
In Europe, landscape as a separate genre appeared much later than in China and Japan. In the Middle Ages, when only religious compositions had the right to exist, the landscape was interpreted by painters as an image of the characters’ habitat.
Gradually, the landscape went beyond other art genres. This was facilitated by the development of easel Continue reading