The basis for painting is any physically existing material or surface on which paints are applied: metal, wood, fabric, paper, brick, stone, plastic, vellum paper (thin parchment, wax, tracing paper), parchment, plaster, glass. However, only a few of them represent the traditional foundations for oil painting; They are divided into two groups: elastic (flexible) substrates, which include canvas and paper, and rigid, combining wood, sheet fiberboard, fiberboard, canvas on cardboard (board) and metal.
The most popular and widely used base is canvas. However, the status of the canvas as a standard basis for painting is relatively young. Ancient artists preferred to work in encaustic on wooden foundations, and in the Middle Ages this practice gave impetus to the development and use of egg tempera on boards – the primary and most important form of easel painting of that time. In the fifteenth century, at the initial stages of evolution, oil painting existed as a way to refine or – the final stage of tempera technology: the main focus was still on small things with careful detailing. Such paintings by Flemish artists, for example, preferred to paint in oil on primed wooden boards. Continue reading
Today, no one can guarantee 100 percent authenticity of certain art objects.
Auction house Sotheby’s gives a guarantee on the authenticity of a work of art for two years.
Often, the quality of fakes exceeds the level of expertise.
A joke is popular among art historians: “… Do you guarantee that this picture is genuine? – Of course. The guarantee is two years …”
Sunflowers 4. Vincent van Gogh
Sunflowers Vincent Van Gogh.
The picture of the famous Dutchman “Sunflowers”, sold for almost $ 40 million at Christie’s auction, turned out to Continue reading