For a long time, the construction of huge cathedrals continued in the Middle Ages. Builders settled in the immediate vicinity of the construction site, gradually entering into close relations with each other. Over time, these unions formed workshops. The rules for relations between members, the admission of new comrades, and the resolution of disputes were developed. A ceremony was also established for various occasions. The room where they stored their tools was called a lodge. Hence, the brotherhood of builders and their assemblies were called the “lodge”, and their members – free masons (free mason). Then the lodge became known as the main organizational unit of Freemasonry. As you know, the workshops were closed to people of other professions. But from the end of the 16th century, non-construction workers — “outside masons”, rich and scholars who had the idea to use building partnerships as the basis for creating secret isoteric societies – gained access there.
Masons carry out ritual ceremonies and, although there is no single Masonic ritual, many of them are very similar. For example, all Masons use in their rites the architectural symbolism of the tools of medieval masons, especially two of them – a square and a pair of compasses, which are always in the box. Masons should “verify their actions Continue reading
The best way to understand the watercolor technique is to start with a seascape. Even if you do not have experience, it does not matter. There are ready-made solutions in order to master the technique of watercolor.
There are hundreds of examples of how people, without having an art education, I began to create beautiful works of art. Something turned on inside them, and they began to realize hidden abilities, found themselves.
There are certain rules and laws in any art technique. If you decide to move in this direction, then my advice will help you achieve your goal faster.
I offer you a series of watercolor lessons that will make your progress towards mastery quick and effective. To do this, you can subscribe to my free course in watercolor painting, the first classes of which will be devoted to MARINE Continue reading
The art of hand weaving is one of the oldest forms of decorative art. Each country and era made its changes in technology, interpretation of images and applied value of carpets and trellises. In different countries and at different times, carpets and trellises were called differently – they unite their similar technologies and materials used. Carpets spread more actively in the countries of the East, as this was facilitated by the way of life of people.
The earliest examples of artistic weaving were discovered in America in Peru at the turn of 2500 BC. In Western Europe, artistic weaving came from the Muslim East through Spain. The earliest one that has survived is considered to be a trellis, woven in the XI century by Rhine craftsmen. From the 12th-13th centuries, German masters developed trellis art and their work began to penetrate into Scandinavia. And from the end of the 14th century, trellis spread throughout Europe. Starting with the Raphael series of cardboards for the trellises of the Sistine Chapel, trellises are considered as works of art. Trellis has always been very expensive. A very interesting fact is known when a French prince was bought from a Continue reading