HISTORY OF PASTEL PAINTING
The word pastel comes from the Italian word pasta - dough or pasta. The pastel is colored crayons from a finely ground mixture of coloring pigment, chalk or a special…

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STORAGE AND CARE OF ART
PAINT STORAGE REQUIREMENTS: temperature and humidity conditions: 18-22 ° С at 40-70% humidity maximum illumination 150 lux lamps with a power of more than 100 candles (100W incandescent lamp or…

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HISTORY OF SALE OF PAINTING ON AUCTIONS
The first market for fine arts was captured by commissioner pioneer former navy officer James Christie Sr.. Having arranged the first sale in 1766 in London, he soon already owned…

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the visual arts

Engraving: concept, essence

Engraving is the youngest of the visual arts. If the origin of painting, sculpture, drawing, architecture is lost in prehistoric epochs, then the appearance of engraving is more or less accurately known to us: this is the turn of the XIV and XV centuries. In the East, in China, engraving arose much earlier, in the VIII century, but there it remained a local phenomenon that did not go beyond the borders of this country.

The origin of the art of engraving in Europe
Despite the fact that the main varieties of engraving have their own technological prototypes that existed in earlier times (for woodcuts these are stamps and seals, for incisors engravings this is the craft of goldsmiths, for etching – workshops of gunsmiths), engravings in the true sense of the word , as an imprint on paper of an image cut out on a special board, appears only in the XIV century. Continue reading

Engraving Techniques
But circulation is only one of the properties of engraving. Engraving is a special kind of fine art and it has its own language, its aesthetics, its capabilities, which are…

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PALETTE KNIFE
From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can…

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ANCIENT ENGLISH PAINTING, FAMOUS ENGLISH ARTISTS
Collectors of antique paintings are conservative in their passions. Of greatest interest are the Italian masters of the Renaissance, the old Dutch and German painters, French impressionists and some others.…

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PALETTE KNIFE
From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can…

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