At the end of the 20th century, the term figurative art, figurative painting, began to be used in England.
Figurative art – non-abstract paintings, subject painting – the antithesis of abstractionism, avant-garde, pop art and conceptualism.
Figurative painting is a very broad concept, which includes a variety of genres, styles and directions.
In a narrower understanding, figurative painting is a painting in which the emphasis is on the depiction of figures of people and animals.
In the XVII century, the thematic or plot picture was attributed to the high genre (grand genre) and was called the genre.
The high genre included: allegorical, battle, epic, everyday, historical, mythological and religious genres.
In recent years, in Russia the concept of a thematic picture is increasingly replaced by the term figurative.
They began to call the figurative not only the plot compositions, but also all the works on which human figures are depicted. Continue reading
Japanese painting is one of the oldest and most beautiful in the world. Japanese art had a great influence on European painting.
Japanese Ukiyo-e woodcuts (paintings of a changing world) were especially popular in Europe and gave impetus to the emergence of Art Nouveau and Impressionism styles.
The appearance of Japaneseism is noted in the works of Vincent Van Gogh, Claude Monet and others. Van Gogh kept about 400 Japanese prints and has his works copied from the woodcut of the famous Utagawa Hiroshige “Kameid Plum Orchard” and “Sudden Rain over the Shin-Ohashi Bridge on the Ataka River” . In their collections, ukiyo-e had Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri Matisse, James Whistler, Eduard Manet, Edgar Degas, Emil Zola.
At the end of the 19th century, researcher A.V. Vysheslavtsev brought several Japanese prints and albums from a trip around the world, which aroused interest in this unusual art, and in 1898 the first exhibition of prints was held in St. Petersburg. Acquaintance with her influenced the work of a number of Russian artists: Ivan Bilibin, Konstantin Somov, Anna Ostroumova-Lebedeva, Dmitry Mitrokhin, Orest Vereisky, etc.
“After Dürer, the Japanese had a great influence on me … The simplification of their style, the brevity and swiftness Continue reading
Go-hua traditional Chinese painting is considered to be close in spirit and used tools to calligraphy.
In China, mascara tiles, which are ground with water to the desired consistency, as well as water-based paints with mineral and vegetable pigments, are used as a color carrier.
Silk, cotton fabric, sometimes paper is used as the basis of the picture. To paint use brushes made of bamboo and wool of domestic or wild animals.
The color scheme of traditional Chinese painting is laconic and consists of three, four discreet colors, rich tonal transitions of the same color, usually the color of black mascara. The white color of the sheet or fabric creates a conditional airspace and is the current color, and not the emptiness of an unfilled field.
Artists create a harmonious and poetic world of nature, plants, animals and birds, using the basic stylistic techniques that have developed over many centuries. The main styles of traditional painting are gunbi (thorough brush) and sei (rough brush). Gunbi technique is characterized by thoroughness and accuracy in writing details, Continue reading
Watercolor (from Italian. Aquarello) – means painting with water-based paints. Watercolor is one of the most difficult painting techniques. The apparent simplicity and ease of watercolor painting is deceiving. Watercolor painting requires mastery of the brush, the skill of seeing tones and colors, knowledge of the laws of mixing colors and applying a colorful layer to paper.
There are varieties of watercolor techniques:
dry – painting on dry paper, with drying of each layer of paint before applying the subsequent
raw, wet watercolor, alla prima – painting on raw paper Continue reading
Animal studies (derived from the Latin. Animal – animal), animalistic genre – the genre of fine art, in which animals are the main subject of the image.
Allegorical genre (from the Greek. Allegoria – allegory) is a genre of fine art in which a hidden and secret meaning is laid in an artwork. In this genre, hard-to-imagine ideas (for example, goodness, power, power, justice, love, etc.) are shown allegorically through images of living beings, animals or human figures with attributes that have historically entrenched a symbolic, easily readable meaning. The allegorical genre is most characteristic of the art of the Renaissance, mannerism, baroque, classicism.
The battle genre (derived from French bataille – battle) is a genre of fine art that depicts the themes of war: battles, military campaigns, singing military prowess, the fury of battle, the triumph of victory. Continue reading