PALETTE KNIFE
From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can…

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EXCLIBRES OF MASONS
For a long time, the construction of huge cathedrals continued in the Middle Ages. Builders settled in the immediate vicinity of the construction site, gradually entering into close relations with…

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Linocut
Linocut got its name from linoleum material. Linoleum as a material for engraving originated in Europe, and at the beginning of the first decade of the 20th century in Russia.…

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BRUSHES

A brush is nothing more than a simple tool to help an artist complete his plan. But as with every tool with brushes, you must also be able to handle.

First, let’s get acquainted with the brush device, which is common to almost all types. Art brushes consist of three main parts: a hair bundle, a metal clip (capsule) and a wooden handle. The hair bundle, the actual working part of the brush, is natural or synthetic hair, collected in a bundle of a certain shape and size. The clip serves to shape, preserve the beam and connect it to the handle. The clip is made of metal and other materials. Seamless clips are the most convenient to use and outwardly more attractive. A good quality pen can only be made of hardwood hardwood (beech, birch, etc.).

Round brush Round: one of the most versatile brushes. Designed for applying paint by a line with a constant thickness, or a line that varies in thickness. This is a great brush for drawing, creating textures, working on details. With the help of a round brush you can penetrate the most “inaccessible” sections of the picture.
Flat brush Flat: flat brushes are made by squeezing the clip so that a bunch of a flat shape is formed. Such brushes apply wide even strokes, they work well in large areas of the canvas. Due to the thickness and length of the hair, the brush holds a lot of paint.
Contour brush Contour: this type of brush is close to flat, both types have a similar shape, but the bunch of these brushes is shorter, which gives the brush more elasticity and improves control over the quality of flat strokes. In addition, shorter hair makes it easier to create a smooth transition from one color to another and well emphasizes the contour.
Cat tongue brush Cat tongue: a flat brush with a domed or oval shape. Its application is very diverse: it can be written as an ordinary flat brush and, at the same time, in a perpendicular position to the surface – as round. It is a constant leader among brushes used to transition one color to another.
Retouching brush Retouching: if you need to apply a very accurate smear, you cannot find a better brush. It looks like a short bristled, flat-brushed brush. Since the tip of the brush allows you to quickly and confidently change the volume of hair or bristles carrying paint, this brush is an excellent tool for creating a transition of one color to another in hard-to-reach, narrow, small sections of the picture.
Screen brush Screen: the tip of the hair of this brush is blunt and flat, and the paint is applied to the surface with vertical strokes. Brushes are used to apply an even layer through the stencil. In addition, they are perfect for glazing or loose layers of paint.
Fleitz Fleitz: brushes are designed for free painting with fills. They are used mainly with watercolors and are almost always made from soft squirrel hair. They live up to their name because they can hold a lot of paint. A dry “shore” brush gives excellent results when working on top of wet paint – especially oily – to wash and soften the contours.
Font brush Font: used with liquid paints and is a variation of round brushes with very long hair. They apply thin even lines. The visible part of the hair serves as a reservoir for paint. Therefore, it is possible to draw a long line without refilling the brush. Working with these brushes requires some practice. As their name implies, they are great for lettering.
Linear brush Linear: This is the younger sister of font brushes. They are shorter than the last, but longer than round ones, leave exact lines, long strokes and are also suitable for inscriptions.
Fan brush Fan: flat brushes having a sparse bunch in the shape of a fan. With their help, it is possible to make a subtle color extension. You can also soften the contrast of contours and texture.
Brushes have common design features; in addition, they have a number of common properties with respect to form. The shape of the beam and the purpose of the brush are directly related.
Flat brushes, in contrast to round ones, are more elastic, they make it possible to obtain a more definite flat shape of the brushstroke, so they are convenient for depicting grass, earth, leaves, architectural details and everything that requires precise outlines.
By type of hair, the brushes are divided into bristle, sandstone, badger, bear, columnar, squirrel, auricular (cow), as well as synthetic.

Pork bristles. A great choice among the best brushes for oil and acrylic. A pork bristle brush is also well suited for working with thick paint, like a core brush for watercolor. The best bristle brushes are made from the hair of a Chinese Angking hog. The elastic, strong bristles of this animal (hair up to 20 cm long) are processed – the bristles are boiled and bleached and only white hair is used to make brushes of professional quality.

COURSE CASES OF SALES OF PICTURES AT AUCTIONS
Today, no one can guarantee 100 percent authenticity of certain art objects. Auction house Sotheby's gives a guarantee on the authenticity of a work of art for two years. Often,…

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OIL PAINT
Artistic paints consist of colored powder - a pigment and a binder that holds together the smallest particles. In painting, mainly inorganic coloring materials are used, as more persistent, less…

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THE BIGGEST CRIMES IN ART
Theft of works of art is a popular crime. Typically, masterpieces are stolen in order to: further resale (mainly this does not apply to masterpieces, since they are difficult to…

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TAPESTRY. CLASSIFICATION AND VARIETIES
The art of hand weaving is one of the oldest forms of decorative art. Each country and era made its changes in technology, interpretation of images and applied value of…

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