HISTORY OF SALE OF PAINTING ON AUCTIONS
The first market for fine arts was captured by commissioner pioneer former navy officer James Christie Sr.. Having arranged the first sale in 1766 in London, he soon already owned…

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HOW TO TENSION CANVAS ON A FRAME
FRAME The stretcher serves as the basis for stretching the canvas. Subframes are of 2 types: modular (prefabricated, wedge) and deaf. Modular (prefabricated, wedge) subframes can be bought in almost…

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OIL PAINT
Artistic paints consist of colored powder - a pigment and a binder that holds together the smallest particles. In painting, mainly inorganic coloring materials are used, as more persistent, less…

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STORAGE AND CARE OF ART

PAINT STORAGE REQUIREMENTS:
temperature and humidity conditions: 18-22 ° С at 40-70% humidity
maximum illumination 150 lux
lamps with a power of more than 100 candles (100W incandescent lamp or 20W fluorescent lamp) should be placed no closer than one meter from the object (200 candles – about 2 meters, etc.)
direct sunlight inadmissible
air mobility (drafts) and sudden changes in temperature and humidity are unacceptable
it is advisable not to touch the paint layer
Do not place above radiators or under air conditioners.
ultraviolet and infrared radiation are very unfavorable
combustion products are not very favorable: soot, soot, tobacco smoke; oils released during cooking, etc.
Store in well-ventilated areas.
PAINTING TIPS:
Remove light dust from the front of the paintings with a clean pad or mitten from velvet or flannel – a material that absorbs dust. The picturesque surface is swept in one direction, the pressure on the surface of the picture should be minimal. You should not use brushes, perovki, flejce for this purpose, since they can scratch the colorful surface, and in addition, these objects do not collect dust, but scatter it in the air. Severe damage to the painting can be caused if the paint layer is wiped with a damp cloth or dust is removed with a vacuum cleaner.
On the reverse side of the picture, the dust is removed with the same pads and mittens from velvet and flannel, with a short bristle flute or with a vacuum cleaner. At the same time, the picture is given a slight inclination towards the stretcher. Movement on the canvas should be light, and the brush of the vacuum cleaner should not touch the canvas at all. You can additionally protect the painting well from dust by completely covering the back of the canvas with cardboard.
In case of severe pollution do not clean the picture yourself – this should be done by a specialist.
Removing soot and soot requires the work of a restorer, and no attempt to remove them in place is unacceptable.
If the canvas of the painting is sagging (wrinkles or irregularities have appeared) – never wet the canvas from the back with water, this can lead to delamination of the painting.
If you have a modular stretcher – carefully knock down the wedges, and if it is deaf, then contact a framing workshop – you will need to haul the picture or replace the old stretcher with a modular one.
STORAGE REQUIREMENTS FOR AQUARIUS, PASTELS, PRINT, ENGRAVE:
temperature and humidity conditions: 12-25 ° C at a relative humidity of 40-60% (for pastels 18-20 ° C at a humidity of 50-55%)
maximum illumination 150 lux (for pastels 30-50 lux)
lamps with a power of more than 100 candles (100W incandescent lamp or 20W fluorescent lamp) should be placed no closer than one meter from the object (200 candles – about 2 meters, etc.) (for pastels it is better not to use artificial lighting)
direct sunlight inadmissible
ultraviolet and infrared radiation are very unfavorable, anti-reflective glass protects the picture from this radiation
paintings must be protected from moisture
sharp fluctuations in temperature and humidity are extremely harmful
Do not store for a long time without a frame and glass (dust from the pastel is practically not removed)
draw up paintings using a mat, it creates the necessary layer between the painting and the glass, which ensures the preservation of the painting, while maintaining a microclimate and improving safety
Store in well-ventilated areas.
TIPS FOR CARE OF AQUARIUS, ENGRAVING:
The first way to care for watercolors, pastels, engravings is to put them under anti-reflective glass as soon as possible and insert them into the frame.
Extreme care must be taken when removing dust. It is possible to remove only light, loose dust, more thorough cleaning should be entrusted only to a specially trained restorer.
It is better to remove light dust by blowing it off with bellows or even better by collecting dust with a vacuum cleaner. If this is not possible, use a large, very soft badger brush (fleitz). Any rags, especially wet ones, are by no means allowed for such work.
Removing soot and soot requires the work of a restorer, and no attempt to remove them in place is unacceptable.
BATIK STORAGE REQUIREMENTS:
temperature and humidity conditions: 12-25 ° C with a relative humidity of 40-60%
maximum illumination 150 lux
lamps with a power of more than 100 candles (100W incandescent lamp or 20W fluorescent lamp) should be placed no closer than one meter from the object (200 candles – about 2 meters, etc.)
direct sunlight and moisture are not allowed
sharp fluctuations in temperature and humidity are extremely harmful
it is advisable not to touch the paint layer
Do not place above radiators or under air conditioners.
ultraviolet and infrared radiation are very unfavorable
combustion products are not very favorable: soot, soot, tobacco smoke; oils released during cooking, etc.
Store in well-ventilated areas.
BATIC CARE ADVICE:
Dust removal is best done with a vacuum cleaner.

Engraving: concept, essence
Engraving is the youngest of the visual arts. If the origin of painting, sculpture, drawing, architecture is lost in prehistoric epochs, then the appearance of engraving is more or less…

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PALETTE KNIFE
From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can…

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The basis for painting is any physically existing material or surface on which paints are applied: metal, wood, fabric, paper, brick, stone, plastic, vellum paper (thin parchment, wax, tracing paper),…

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COURSE CASES OF SALES OF PICTURES AT AUCTIONS
Today, no one can guarantee 100 percent authenticity of certain art objects. Auction house Sotheby's gives a guarantee on the authenticity of a work of art for two years. Often,…

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