VARIETIES OF GENRE PORTRAIT
A portrait (derived from the French word portrait) is an artistic image of a person with the transmission of his inner world.
In the portrait, a person can be depicted on the chest, waist, hips, knees, full height.
The portrait may have a different turn of the head: in full face, in a quarter of a turn to the right or left, half-turn, in three quarters, in profile.
The format of the portrait can be different: rectangular vertical, rectangular horizontal, square, oval or round.
The portrait is divided by size: portrait miniature, easel portrait (painting, graphic, sculpture), monumental portrait (monument, mural, mosaic).
The portrait is divided by the method of execution: oil, pencil, pastel, watercolor, dry brush, engraved, miniature, photographic, etc.
A portrait can be painted in various styles: academicism, realism, impressionism, expressionism, modern, abstract art, surrealism, cubism, pop art, etc.
VARIOUS PORTRAIT CLASSIFICATIONS EXIST:
Self portrait. Vincent Van Gogh
Self-portrait – a graphic, pictorial or sculptural image of the artist, made by himself using a mirror or a system of mirrors.
View self portrait
Portrait of Empress Catherine II with allegorical figures of the Fortress and Truth Johann Lampi 1790s Oil on canvas. 288 x 206 cm Location: Arkhangelsk Museum of Fine Arts
Allegorical portrait – a type of costume portrait, in which the image of the portrait is presented in the form of allegory.
View allegorical portrait
Peter the Great 1838 Paul Delaroche
Military portrait – a kind of ceremonial portrait – a portrait in the image of a commander.
Order Group portrait
Group portrait – a portrait that includes at least three characters.
View group portrait
Order a children’s portrait
View children’s portrait
Order a woman’s portrait
A donor portrait is a type of religious portrait in which a donor is depicted in a picture (for example, next to Jesus).
Donor (from Latin donator – donor) – the customer, organizer and patron of the construction of a Catholic church, or the customer and donor of a temple decorating works of fine or decorative art.
In the photo – Piero della Francesca “Altar of Montefeltro”. On the right, on the lap of the donor – the Duke of Montefeltro.
Genre portrait – a portrait where the portrait is presented in a semantic and plot relationship with the objects of everyday life surrounding it, nature, architecture, people, etc.
View genre portrait
Order a woman’s portrait
View female portrait
Order an individual portrait
Individual portrait – a portrait that includes one character.
View individual portrait
An intimate portrait is a chamber portrait with a neutral background, expressing the trusting relationship between the artist and the person being portrayed.
Portrait A.V. Suvorov with a field marshal’s baton
A historical portrait is a portrait of a historical figure.
View historical portrait
Order a chamber portrait
Chamber portrait – a portrait using a waist, chest, or shoulder image of a person. Usually in a chamber portrait, the figure is given against a neutral background.
View chamber portrait
Caricature – (derived from Italian caricare – exaggerate) – a satirical or humorous portrait.
Colossal portrait of Konstantin
A colossal portrait is a portrait of huge sizes (usually in sculpture).
Equestrian portrait – a kind of ceremonial portrait.
View equestrian portrait
Order a costume portrait
Costumed portrait – a portrait in which a person is represented as an allegorical, mythological, historical, theatrical or literary character. Typically, the names “in the form” or “in the image” are included in the names of such portraits.
View costume portrait
Coronation portrait – a solemn image of the monarch on the day of accession to the throne, in coronation regalia, usually in full growth.
The portrait of a teacher is a type of religious portrait in which the person who made the donation is depicted in the picture.
Ktitor (from the Greek. Κτήτωρ – owner, founder, creator) – a person who has allocated funds for the construction or repair of an Orthodox church or monastery, or for its decoration with icons, murals, objects of decorative art.
In the photo – Ktitor Radivoy with his family and Metropolitan Kalevit with a model of the church (Kremikovsky monastery).
Small and miniature portraits
Small-format and miniature portraits – a portrait of a small format (up to 20 cm), usually a watercolor, ink, or circulation graphics: etching, lithography, woodcut, etc.
A miniature portrait can be chamber or ceremonial, have a plot basis or not. As in a large portrait, the depicted face can be placed on a neutral, landscape background or in the interior.