From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can…

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What does an inquisitive artist need to know in mastering the watercolor technique in order to avoid the wrong path? And are there any special secrets of watercolor craftsmanship? The…

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Frescoes in the slough
World painting boasts an impressive history of fakes. Such things have happened at all times and in all countries. And one of the funniest hoaxes happened half a century ago…

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A portrait (derived from the French word portrait) is an artistic image of a person with the transmission of his inner world.
In the portrait, a person can be depicted on the chest, waist, hips, knees, full height.
The portrait may have a different turn of the head: in full face, in a quarter of a turn to the right or left, half-turn, in three quarters, in profile.
The format of the portrait can be different: rectangular vertical, rectangular horizontal, square, oval or round.
The portrait is divided by size: portrait miniature, easel portrait (painting, graphic, sculpture), monumental portrait (monument, mural, mosaic).
The portrait is divided by the method of execution: oil, pencil, pastel, watercolor, dry brush, engraved, miniature, photographic, etc.
A portrait can be painted in various styles: academicism, realism, impressionism, expressionism, modern, abstract art, surrealism, cubism, pop art, etc.

Self portrait. Vincent Van Gogh
Self-portrait – a graphic, pictorial or sculptural image of the artist, made by himself using a mirror or a system of mirrors.

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Portrait of Empress Catherine II with allegorical figures of the Fortress and Truth Johann Lampi 1790s Oil on canvas. 288 x 206 cm Location: Arkhangelsk Museum of Fine Arts
Allegorical portrait – a type of costume portrait, in which the image of the portrait is presented in the form of allegory.

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Peter the Great 1838 Paul Delaroche
Military portrait – a kind of ceremonial portrait – a portrait in the image of a commander.

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Group portrait – a portrait that includes at least three characters.

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Child portrait

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A donor portrait is a type of religious portrait in which a donor is depicted in a picture (for example, next to Jesus).
Donor (from Latin donator – donor) – the customer, organizer and patron of the construction of a Catholic church, or the customer and donor of a temple decorating works of fine or decorative art.
In the photo – Piero della Francesca “Altar of Montefeltro”. On the right, on the lap of the donor – the Duke of Montefeltro.

Genre portrait
Genre portrait – a portrait where the portrait is presented in a semantic and plot relationship with the objects of everyday life surrounding it, nature, architecture, people, etc.

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Female portrait

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Individual portrait – a portrait that includes one character.

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Intimate portrait
An intimate portrait is a chamber portrait with a neutral background, expressing the trusting relationship between the artist and the person being portrayed.

Portrait A.V. Suvorov with a field marshal’s baton
A historical portrait is a portrait of a historical figure.

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Chamber portrait – a portrait using a waist, chest, or shoulder image of a person. Usually in a chamber portrait, the figure is given against a neutral background.

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Caricature – (derived from Italian caricare – exaggerate) – a satirical or humorous portrait.

Colossal portrait of Konstantin
A colossal portrait is a portrait of huge sizes (usually in sculpture).

Equestrian portrait – a kind of ceremonial portrait.

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Costumed portrait – a portrait in which a person is represented as an allegorical, mythological, historical, theatrical or literary character. Typically, the names “in the form” or “in the image” are included in the names of such portraits.

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Coronation portrait – a solemn image of the monarch on the day of accession to the throne, in coronation regalia, usually in full growth.

Clerk portrait
The portrait of a teacher is a type of religious portrait in which the person who made the donation is depicted in the picture.
Ktitor (from the Greek. Κτήτωρ – owner, founder, creator) – a person who has allocated funds for the construction or repair of an Orthodox church or monastery, or for its decoration with icons, murals, objects of decorative art.

In the photo – Ktitor Radivoy with his family and Metropolitan Kalevit with a model of the church (Kremikovsky monastery).

Small and miniature portraits
Small-format and miniature portraits – a portrait of a small format (up to 20 cm), usually a watercolor, ink, or circulation graphics: etching, lithography, woodcut, etc.
A miniature portrait can be chamber or ceremonial, have a plot basis or not. As in a large portrait, the depicted face can be placed on a neutral, landscape background or in the interior.

Still life (from the French. Nature morte - dead, inanimate nature) - an artistic image of various household items. In the XV-XVI centuries, a still life was considered as part…


Painted varnishes are 30% solutions of resins in pinene, with the exception of kopalovy varnish, where kopalovy resin is dissolved in linseed oil. The following types of varnishes are available,…


Genres of painting in fine art
Animal studies (derived from the Latin. Animal - animal), animalistic genre - the genre of fine art, in which animals are the main subject of the image. Allegorical genre Allegorical…


Making money on art is more difficult than just putting money in a bank and waiting for interest to accrue. However, the modern art market and antiques often bring more…