Genres of painting in fine art
Animal studies (derived from the Latin. Animal – animal), animalistic genre – the genre of fine art, in which animals are the main subject of the image.
Allegorical genre (from the Greek. Allegoria – allegory) is a genre of fine art in which a hidden and secret meaning is laid in an artwork. In this genre, hard-to-imagine ideas (for example, goodness, power, power, justice, love, etc.) are shown allegorically through images of living beings, animals or human figures with attributes that have historically entrenched a symbolic, easily readable meaning. The allegorical genre is most characteristic of the art of the Renaissance, mannerism, baroque, classicism.
The battle genre (derived from French bataille – battle) is a genre of fine art that depicts the themes of war: battles, military campaigns, singing military prowess, the fury of battle, the triumph of victory.
Epic genre – the genre of fine art, which depicts scenes from epics and folklore.
Everyday genre (genre painting) is a genre of fine art, which depicts everyday scenes from everyday life of a person without embellishment.
Still Life Vanitas. Peter Klas
Vanitas (from Latin vanitas, lit. – “vanity, vanity”) is a genre of Baroque painting, an allegorical still life, the compositional center of which is traditionally a human skull. Such paintings, an early stage in the development of still life, were intended to remind of the transience of life, the futility of pleasures and the inevitability of death. The most widespread in Flanders and the Netherlands in the XVI and XVII centuries, some examples of the genre are found in France and Spain.
Veduta is a genre of 18th-century Venetian painting, which depicts the urban landscape in the form of a panorama, in compliance with scale and proportions. The great representative of this style in painting is the Venetian artist Canaletto (1697-1768). In Russia, the founders of the architectural lead were the painters F.Ya. Alekseev, M.N. Vorobyov, S.F. Shchedrin.
City landscape (architectural landscape) is a genre of fine art in which the main subject of the image is city streets, buildings.
Interior (derived from French intérieur – internal) – a genre in which the subject of the image is the image of the interior view of the room.
Hyppic genre (derived from the Greek. Hippos – horse) is a genre of fine art in which the main motive is the image of a horse.
The historical genre is a genre of fine art dedicated to historical events and figures, as well as socially significant phenomena in the history of society.
Antonio Canaletto. Capriccio with classic ruins
Capriccio (derived from Italian. Capriccio, literally – a whim, whim) – an architectural landscape-fantasy. The most famous painters writing capriccio: Francesco Guardi, Antonio Canaletto.
Caricature (derived from Italian caricare – exaggerate) is a special genre of fine art that combines images in which: a comic effect is consciously created; connects the real and the fantastic; exaggerated and sharpened the characteristic features of the figure, face, costume, manners, etc.
Mythological (from Greek. Mythos – tradition) is a genre of fine art dedicated to heroes and events about which myths and legends of ancient peoples tell
Seascape (marina) (derived from French marine, Italian marina, from Latin marinus marine) is a genre of fine art depicting a sea view. A prominent representative of this genre is I.K. Aivazovsky (1817-1900).
Still life (translated from the French. – Dead, inanimate nature) is an artistic image of various household items. They can be: dishes, household utensils, fruits, vegetables, flowers, game, or any combination thereof. The most famous schools in still life writing are Flemish and Dutch, which in their own way solved the problem of transmitting color and composition.
Nude (came from fr. Nu – naked, undressed) – one of the genres of fine art, dedicated to the image of a naked body, mostly female. In its development, the nude is closely associated with the image of a naked human body and embodies the ideal of beauty of a given country and era. Nude is born in the Renaissance in the framework of mythological, allegorical, historical and everyday genres. The formation of a nude as a genre takes place in the 17th century with the spread of the ideas of sensualism: images of a naked body penetrate openly with a sensual beginning.
Deception is one of the genres of fine art, the characteristic feature of which is the special techniques of perspective painting, which create the effect of optical illusion, blur the line between reality and image.