Fine art techniques
Watercolor (from Italian. Aquarello) – means painting with water-based paints. Watercolor is one of the most difficult painting techniques. The apparent simplicity and ease of watercolor painting is deceiving. Watercolor painting requires mastery of the brush, the skill of seeing tones and colors, knowledge of the laws of mixing colors and applying a colorful layer to paper.
There are varieties of watercolor techniques:
dry – painting on dry paper, with drying of each layer of paint before applying the subsequent
raw, wet watercolor, alla prima – painting on raw paper
the use of watercolor pencils, mascara, multi-layer painting, work with a dry brush, pouring, rinsing, the use of a spatula, salt, the use of mixed media.
Alla prima (ala prim) (derived from Italian. Alla prima – at the first moment) is a type of oil and watercolor painting technique that involves painting (or a fragment of it) in one session, without prior registration and under-painting.
Airbrushing is a technique of painting with an airbrush (in translation, an air brush is a device for thinly spraying paint with compressed air) using a stencil.
Batik (from Indonesian wa – cotton fabric and tik – dot) – pattern on the fabric.
There are several varieties of batik:
cold batik – a pattern is created using a cold backup composition
hot batik – a pattern is created using a hot backup composition: molten wax or other similar substances
Stained glass window
Stained-glass window (from French. Vitrage – glass) – an ornamental or plot decorative composition of glass or other material that transmits light.
There are several types of stained glass, depending on the technology of its manufacture:
Classic stained glass window (Tiffany technology) – made of transparent pieces of glass held by partitions made of soft metal or plastic.
Overhead stained-glass window – obtained by fusing technology by sintering, sometimes by gluing elements to the base, while there are no metal connections between the glasses.
Painted stained-glass window – a picture is applied on the glass surface with transparent paints.
Film stained-glass window – a lead tape and a multi-colored self-adhesive film (English technology) are glued onto the glass surface.
Combined stained-glass window – is formed by a combination of various technologies for creating a stained-glass window.
Hot enamel (from email) is an enamel technique in which a pasteous mass painted with metal oxides is applied to a specially treated surface and fired, resulting in a glassy colored layer.
Engraving (from French gravure – cut, create a relief) is a type of graphic art that implies the creation of printing forms in different ways.
There are various types of engraving:
Linocut – a method of engraving on linoleum
Woodcut – wood engraving, the oldest engraving technique
Incisor engraving, incisor is the oldest type of engraving.
Etching is a type of engraving on metal, an intaglio graphic gravure printing technique that allows you to get prints from printing forms, in the process of creating an image on which the surface is etched with acids.
The dotted line is a type of etching technique.
A dry needle is a type of etching that does not use etching, based on scratching the tip of a hard needle with strokes on the surface of a metal board.
Aquatint is a type of etching based on acid etching of a metal board through asphalt or rosin dust adhering to it.
Lavis is a kind of aquatint.
Mezzo Tinto is a type of etching technique. The main fundamental difference from other etching styles is not the creation of a system of recesses – strokes and dots, but the smoothing of bright spots on a grain board.
Soft varnish is a type of etching technique.
Reserve – a type of etching technique
Grattazh (from French grattage, from gratter – scratch, scratch) – a way to make a picture by scratching with a pen or a sharp tool paper or cardboard, drenched with ink on wax. Another name for the technique is wax painting. Artworks made using the gratting technique are distinguished by the contrast of the white lines of the drawing and the black background and are similar to woodcuts or linocuts.
Grisaille (derived from fr. Grisaille, from gris – gray) is a type of decorative painting performed in different shades of any one color (usually gray). Grisaille has been used since the 17th century, it is widely distributed in murals of interiors of classicism, mainly as an imitation of sculptural relief.
Gouache – a technique of painting on paper, cardboard, canvas, silk, bone with dense matte paints from finely ground pigment with a water-glue binder using white (gouache paints, gouache).
Decorative painting, interior painting – painting created to decorate the interior or complement the design of the room.