HISTORY OF PASTEL PAINTING
The word pastel comes from the Italian word pasta - dough or pasta. The pastel is colored crayons from a finely ground mixture of coloring pigment, chalk or a special…

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LANDSCAPE GENRE VARIETIES
Landscape (from French paysage - country, locality) is a genre of fine art in which nature is the main subject of the image. As an independent genre, the landscape appeared…

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OIL PAINT
Artistic paints consist of colored powder - a pigment and a binder that holds together the smallest particles. In painting, mainly inorganic coloring materials are used, as more persistent, less…

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Frescoes in the slough

World painting boasts an impressive history of fakes. Such things have happened at all times and in all countries. And one of the funniest hoaxes happened half a century ago in Germany.

As it is known, lawsuits exposing counterfeiters are not uncommon. And any of them should start, the media must inform the on-call sensation, albeit already far from fresh: “75 million lime masterpieces circulate throughout Europe, and, according to experts, their number will increase every year!”

That’s after all what heights the falsifiers, mystifiers and other adventurers from art have reached! But it is unlikely they could be able to crank their scams so easily if there weren’t good “teachers” behind them who prepared the ground for that …
Incendiary bombs dropped on Lübeck performed, as they wrote in the newspapers, a miraculous cleansing. Causing serious damage to the church of St. Mary, at the same time, they showed the world beautiful frescoes, hidden for many centuries under layers of paint! On September 2, 1951, the West German public rejoiced. Finally opens to visit the Marienkirche in Lübeck, destroyed during the Second World War.

Art historians dated these murals in the 13th century. And for everyone who cherishes national art, their hearts shed blood at the price of how the priceless ancient painting, being in the church without a roof, suffers from rain, wind, snow and other natural phenomena.
Due to lack of funding, repairs had to be postponed until 1948. But when the money was found and the West German Association for the Preservation of Antiquities received the necessary amount, she faced an equally important question: who should be entrusted with the restoration? The discussion of the candidates took several months. But as soon as the name of Dietrich Fairy was called, the public expressed frank bewilderment. How! Herr Fey, of course, a talented and famous painter, but after all, not a year has passed since the scandal associated with his name! Is it possible to allow a person who was suspected of embezzlement of museum exhibits to be national property ?!

But the decision of the Association has not been changed. The theft of the Fairy, no matter how gossiping about him, remained unproven. So why shake the air in vain if you still can’t find a more worthy candidate?
Dietrich Fey already had to work with monuments of the XIII century. Back in the 1930s, it was he, together with his friend Lothar Malskat and with his father, also an artist, who restored the famous cathedral in Schleswig. What was the price of a picturesque frieze restored by them from ruins! The frieze, consisting of eight medallions, was truly magnificent. True, a certain not too beautiful story was associated with him, over the past 20 years, of course, already forgotten, but still …
Then, in the 1930s, the fascist media devoted a lot of newspaper pages and radio time to the Schleswig Cathedral. Still would! Restorers were able to make a sensational discovery that turns history around and erases misconceptions, which resulted in an underestimation of the role of the Aryan race in world culture.

Art historians who studied murals in Schleswig drew attention to the frieze medallions: they depicted not only foxes traditional for European painting, but also turkeys – birds, which, according to popular belief, appeared in Europe after the discovery of America!
The scandal was ready to flare up: the media began to appear hints of a fake, too shameless to go unpunished. However, Herr Fey, Sr., an honored and authoritative artist, refuted all these insinuations, putting forward a theory that was very convenient for the Nazis. According to him, the overseas continent was discovered long before Columbus. And not by anyone, but by the forefathers of the Germans, the Vikings! Those, being glorified sailors, could well reach America as far back as the 13th century! (And suddenly, returning and having on board sufficient food supplies, they brought several half-eaten Indian birds to the European continent?) And this is the best evidence of the superiority of the Aryan race over others! .. So let the artist Albers, who restored the Schleswig Cathedral in In 1888, as much as he likes, he claims that the medallions were not subject to restoration already in the 19th century, crumbling at the slightest touch of a brush! The old man just lost his mind!

According to another version, the frescoes by Lothar Melskat were so amazing that the German government ordered 4 million postage stamps depicting details of these frescoes. Success came, but only the forger knew about it, and this was not enough for him. Melskat wanted fame, he even talked about his fraud, but no one believed him. Then Melskat filed a lawsuit against himself, and as evidence of the deed he presented to the public two intentionally admitted anachronisms: a turkey and a portrait of Marlene Dietrich.

EUROPEAN PAINTING SCHOOLS
The Antwerp School is an art school that has existed for several centuries in the city of Antwerp, now Belgium. Representatives of the Antwerp school: Joachim Patinir, Joos van Kleve,…

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BATIK. CLASSIFICATION AND VARIETIES
Batik (batik) - the Indonesian word (tik - in Indonesian means “dot” or “drop”, and ba - cotton fabric). Batik is the common name for a variety of methods and…

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VARIETIES OF FIGURE PAINTING
At the end of the 20th century, the term figurative art, figurative painting, began to be used in England. Figurative art - non-abstract paintings, subject painting - the antithesis of…

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HISTORY OF ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF ART OF ENAMEL
The history of enamel art, as well as jewelry, has more than three thousand years of history. When and where was the first enameling, i.e. colored glass in the molten…

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