Fine art techniques
Watercolor (from Italian. Aquarello) - means painting with water-based paints. Watercolor is one of the most difficult painting techniques. The apparent simplicity and ease of watercolor painting is deceiving. Watercolor…

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BATIK. CLASSIFICATION AND VARIETIES
Batik (batik) - the Indonesian word (tik - in Indonesian means “dot” or “drop”, and ba - cotton fabric). Batik is the common name for a variety of methods and…

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INVESTMENT IN PAINTING - PROFIT FOR PATIENTS
Making money on art is more difficult than just putting money in a bank and waiting for interest to accrue. However, the modern art market and antiques often bring more…

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batik gained

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Linocut

Linocut got its name from linoleum material. Linoleum as a material for engraving originated in Europe, and at the beginning of the first decade of the 20th century in Russia. The first Russian artist to use linocut N.I. Sheverdyaev, and in this technique was a great success. Among those Russian artists who seriously engaged in linoleum and studied its technology, was I.N. Pavlov. In his prints, he exhaustively showed the tonal and textural capabilities of a new material for that time. The artist V.D. did a lot for the development of linocut Falileev. In his hand-printed engravings, he showed new uses for opaque oil paints, achieving remarkable effects that leave a great impression.

Engraving on linoleum was done by such artists as B.M. Kustodiev, M.V. Matorin, P.N. Staronosov, I.A. Continue reading

EXCLIBRES OF MASONS

For a long time, the construction of huge cathedrals continued in the Middle Ages. Builders settled in the immediate vicinity of the construction site, gradually entering into close relations with each other. Over time, these unions formed workshops. The rules for relations between members, the admission of new comrades, and the resolution of disputes were developed. A ceremony was also established for various occasions. The room where they stored their tools was called a lodge. Hence, the brotherhood of builders and their assemblies were called the “lodge”, and their members – free masons (free mason). Then the lodge became known as the main organizational unit of Freemasonry. As you know, the workshops were closed to people of other professions. But from the end of the 16th century, non-construction workers — “outside masons”, rich and scholars who had the idea to use building partnerships as the basis for creating secret isoteric societies – gained access there.

Masons carry out ritual ceremonies and, although there is no single Masonic ritual, many of them are very similar. For example, all Masons use in their rites the architectural symbolism of the tools of medieval masons, especially two of them – a square and a pair of compasses, which are always in the box. Masons should “verify their actions Continue reading

MODERN PORTRAIT EXCLIBRIS

Portrait bookplate – one of the oldest types of book characters – appeared after the stamp. The first engraved bookplate is considered the emblem of the knight Bernhardt von Rohrbach, made in 1460 by the German engraver Bartel Schön. The portrait ex-libris was not long in coming; the earliest surviving portrait ex-libris was made in 1498 for the Basel Bishop of Limberger. It is not necessary to doubt the time of appearance of this bookplate, it shows the date of its creation, no date was indicated on any of its predecessors.

The origin of portraiture dates back to ancient times. The oldest known attempt to portray a human face has 27 millennia, it was discovered in the cave of Villoner near the French city of Angouleme in the department of Charente. The word “portrait” originates from the outdated French word portraire – to write off someone’s image. The first who proposed to use the term “portrait” exclusively for “depicting a (concrete) human being” was the French art historian and official court historian of King Louis XIV Andre Felibien. Continue reading

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LESSON AQUARIUS. SEASCAPE
The best way to understand the watercolor technique is to start with a seascape. Even if you do not have experience, it does not matter. There are ready-made solutions in…

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Imprimature - color tinting (tinting) of the soil or the first layer of the canvas.
Imprimatur is a simple and effective way to create color harmony in a painting. In thin-layer writing, the color of the soil, shining through the layers of paints, combines them…

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FROM HISTORY OF Fakes
From several biographical sources it is known that Michelangelo forged ancient Roman sculptures. He created a new marble sculpture, then smashed it, buried it in the garden and after some…

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GENRES IN CHINESE ART
Go-hua traditional Chinese painting is considered to be close in spirit and used tools to calligraphy. In China, mascara tiles, which are ground with water to the desired consistency, as…

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