The Antwerp School is an art school that has existed for several centuries in the city of Antwerp, now Belgium.
Representatives of the Antwerp school: Joachim Patinir, Joos van Kleve, Herry met de Bles, Peter Cook van Alst, Peter Artsen, Peter Brueghel Sr., Cornelis Floris de Wrindt, Gillis van Koningsloe, Cornelis van Dahl, Jan Bruegel Sr., Jan Brueghel Jr., Bartolomeus Spranger, Tobias Verhacht, Abel Scott, Anthony More, Adrian Kay, Frans Floris, Jan van Hemessen, Jan Masseys, Quentin Masseys Jr., Adam van Noort, Joos de Momper, France Purbus Sr., France Purbo Otus Van Jr. Veen, Martin de Vos, Sebastian Wranks.
Antwerp School of Painting
Sower. Jean Francois Millet Continue reading
The basis for painting is any physically existing material or surface on which paints are applied: metal, wood, fabric, paper, brick, stone, plastic, vellum paper (thin parchment, wax, tracing paper), parchment, plaster, glass. However, only a few of them represent the traditional foundations for oil painting; They are divided into two groups: elastic (flexible) substrates, which include canvas and paper, and rigid, combining wood, sheet fiberboard, fiberboard, canvas on cardboard (board) and metal.
The most popular and widely used base is canvas. However, the status of the canvas as a standard basis for painting is relatively young. Ancient artists preferred to work in encaustic on wooden foundations, and in the Middle Ages this practice gave impetus to the development and use of egg tempera on boards – the primary and most important form of easel painting of that time. In the fifteenth century, at the initial stages of evolution, oil painting existed as a way to refine or – the final stage of tempera technology: the main focus was still on small things with careful detailing. Such paintings by Flemish artists, for example, preferred to paint in oil on primed wooden boards. Continue reading