Engraving is the youngest of the visual arts. If the origin of painting, sculpture, drawing, architecture is lost in prehistoric epochs, then the appearance of engraving is more or less accurately known to us: this is the turn of the XIV and XV centuries. In the East, in China, engraving arose much earlier, in the VIII century, but there it remained a local phenomenon that did not go beyond the borders of this country.
The origin of the art of engraving in Europe
Despite the fact that the main varieties of engraving have their own technological prototypes that existed in earlier times (for woodcuts these are stamps and seals, for incisors engravings this is the craft of goldsmiths, for etching – workshops of gunsmiths), engravings in the true sense of the word , as an imprint on paper of an image cut out on a special board, appears only in the XIV century. Continue reading
Parisians are born with all the shortcomings, but the wonderful fairy gives any flaw to their charm and enchantment. This fairy is grace.
The painting “Naked” was written by Pierre-Auguste Renoir during the transitional period of his work, when the development of his art was approaching the zenith of fame after difficult years of misunderstanding and sharp criticism: “Rough blots, inspiring thoughts of decaying flesh – this was the first time they spoke about my paintings. It is not surprising that from time to time, Monet and I, to distract ourselves, ate a shpigovanny turkey, which was poured with chambertin, ”Renoir later recalled.
The artist embodied a completely new idea of the ideal of female beauty, which was not recognized by the official Salon. Renoir did not resort to the plot scenery, like his predecessor E. Manet in the famous “Olympia”. The artist does not try to elevate his model to the goddess and thereby justify her. In the words of Edmond Duranti (in an article on painting), “The masters of antiquity created what they saw … Depict and you what you see.” The heroine of Renoir – the Parisian beauty Anna (“belle Anne”) remains a model. The model was a girl from Montmartre, who Continue reading
Collectors of antique paintings are conservative in their passions. Of greatest interest are the Italian masters of the Renaissance, the old Dutch and German painters, French impressionists and some others. However, often artists from other countries and eras deserve no less attention. Let us look at the paintings of England.
Few would call English painting one of the wealth of the country, and in vain. Among the artists of England are many interesting original masters, whose creations adorn the world’s best art galleries and the richest private collections of art.
However, in wide circles of art lovers, England is undeservedly pushed into the background. Not everyone without a hitch will name at least three English painters. We will try to eliminate this injustice by offering a brief overview of ancient English painting from the moment of its formation into a separate, independent phenomenon of world art.
SOURCES OF ENGLISH PAINTING. Continue reading