GENRES IN CHINESE ART
Go-hua traditional Chinese painting is considered to be close in spirit and used tools to calligraphy. In China, mascara tiles, which are ground with water to the desired consistency, as…

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HISTORY OF SALE OF PAINTING ON AUCTIONS
The first market for fine arts was captured by commissioner pioneer former navy officer James Christie Sr.. Having arranged the first sale in 1766 in London, he soon already owned…

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ENGLISH AQUAREL, PAINTING OF OLD MASTERS
Watercolor is often called the most moody and unpredictable technique. This is due to many nuances of the behavior of water-based paints. An artist inexperienced in watercolor painting, even observing…

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seeing tones

Imprimature – color tinting (tinting) of the soil or the first layer of the canvas.

Imprimatur is a simple and effective way to create color harmony in a painting. In thin-layer writing, the color of the soil, shining through the layers of paints, combines them in a coloristic sense. So, on soils with warm and hot shades of color it is easier to withstand painting in warm colors, on gray – in silver, on cold – in cold, on dark soil – in dark colors, etc. Imprimaturity facilitates the work of the artist and technologically speeds up the process of painting. The artist can not apply extra paint layers, and this, in turn, gives great strength to the paint layer and improves the safety of the painting. In addition, imprimaturism is a layer that does not allow excessive penetration of oil from paints into the ground, eliminating the phenomenon of excessive drying of oil paints, common in our time.
Sometimes even large planes of the canvas with a pronounced imprimature and texture of the soil do not overlap with other colors, but remain unwritten and enter the picturesque-plastic solution of the picture. Ground color is used to solve contrasts, to achieve realistic transmission of body modeling and light intensity.

“The color of the soil can play a big role in painting, if you use it according to the method of the old masters, that is, give it the opportunity to shine through layers of paints and thus take an active part in the overall effect of painting. Continue reading

PALETTE KNIFE

From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can mix paints on the palette, clean the palette, remove excess paint from the canvas or paint a picture.
Despite the fact that the palette knife is known as an instrument of modern painters, the tradition of its use originates from the Renaissance, from the works of Titian. Using a palette knife, some details were made on the canvases of Rembrandt and Francisco Goya.
Gustave Courbet became the first artist to actively use a palette knife. The artist described his method of work: “First I determine where the darkest colors in the picture will be, mark their location, apply them with a palette knife or a flat brush. Not a single detail is visible in the dark … then I apply less and less intense shades … I try to find them the place … then I put the halftone, and so on until the brightest, until Continue reading

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The basis for painting is any physically existing material or surface on which paints are applied: metal, wood, fabric, paper, brick, stone, plastic, vellum paper (thin parchment, wax, tracing paper), parchment, plaster, glass. However, only a few of them represent the traditional foundations for oil painting; They are divided into two groups: elastic (flexible) substrates, which include canvas and paper, and rigid, combining wood, sheet fiberboard, fiberboard, canvas on cardboard (board) and metal.
The most popular and widely used base is canvas. However, the status of the canvas as a standard basis for painting is relatively young. Ancient artists preferred to work in encaustic on wooden foundations, and in the Middle Ages this practice gave impetus to the development and use of egg tempera on boards – the primary and most important form of easel painting of that time. In the fifteenth century, at the initial stages of evolution, oil painting existed as a way to refine or – the final stage of tempera technology: the main focus was still on small things with careful detailing. Such paintings by Flemish artists, for example, preferred to paint in oil on primed wooden boards. Continue reading

EXCLIBRES OF MASONS
For a long time, the construction of huge cathedrals continued in the Middle Ages. Builders settled in the immediate vicinity of the construction site, gradually entering into close relations with…

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THE BIGGEST CRIMES IN ART
Theft of works of art is a popular crime. Typically, masterpieces are stolen in order to: further resale (mainly this does not apply to masterpieces, since they are difficult to…

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Genres of painting in fine art
Animal studies (derived from the Latin. Animal - animal), animalistic genre - the genre of fine art, in which animals are the main subject of the image. Allegorical genre Allegorical…

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VARIETIES OF GENRE PORTRAIT
A portrait (derived from the French word portrait) is an artistic image of a person with the transmission of his inner world. In the portrait, a person can be depicted…

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