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The basis for painting is any physically existing material or surface on which paints are applied: metal, wood, fabric, paper, brick, stone, plastic, vellum paper (thin parchment, wax, tracing paper),…

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ANCIENT ENGLISH PAINTING, FAMOUS ENGLISH ARTISTS
Collectors of antique paintings are conservative in their passions. Of greatest interest are the Italian masters of the Renaissance, the old Dutch and German painters, French impressionists and some others.…

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THE MOST ANCIENT WALL PAINTED
LIST OF CAVES OF ALTAMIR In 1879, in the Altamira cave in northern Spain, in the province of Santander, wall paintings from the Paleolithic era were first discovered. Scientists have…

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the compositional

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Imprimature – color tinting (tinting) of the soil or the first layer of the canvas.

Imprimatur is a simple and effective way to create color harmony in a painting. In thin-layer writing, the color of the soil, shining through the layers of paints, combines them in a coloristic sense. So, on soils with warm and hot shades of color it is easier to withstand painting in warm colors, on gray – in silver, on cold – in cold, on dark soil – in dark colors, etc. Imprimaturity facilitates the work of the artist and technologically speeds up the process of painting. The artist can not apply extra paint layers, and this, in turn, gives great strength to the paint layer and improves the safety of the painting. In addition, imprimaturism is a layer that does not allow excessive penetration of oil from paints into the ground, eliminating the phenomenon of excessive drying of oil paints, common in our time.
Sometimes even large planes of the canvas with a pronounced imprimature and texture of the soil do not overlap with other colors, but remain unwritten and enter the picturesque-plastic solution of the picture. Ground color is used to solve contrasts, to achieve realistic transmission of body modeling and light intensity.

“The color of the soil can play a big role in painting, if you use it according to the method of the old masters, that is, give it the opportunity to shine through layers of paints and thus take an active part in the overall effect of painting. Continue reading

PALETTE KNIFE

From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can mix paints on the palette, clean the palette, remove excess paint from the canvas or paint a picture.
Despite the fact that the palette knife is known as an instrument of modern painters, the tradition of its use originates from the Renaissance, from the works of Titian. Using a palette knife, some details were made on the canvases of Rembrandt and Francisco Goya.
Gustave Courbet became the first artist to actively use a palette knife. The artist described his method of work: “First I determine where the darkest colors in the picture will be, mark their location, apply them with a palette knife or a flat brush. Not a single detail is visible in the dark … then I apply less and less intense shades … I try to find them the place … then I put the halftone, and so on until the brightest, until Continue reading

FROM HISTORY OF Fakes

From several biographical sources it is known that Michelangelo forged ancient Roman sculptures. He created a new marble sculpture, then smashed it, buried it in the garden and after some time declared that he had found Roman antiques.
A few years later, Cardinal Raffael Riario discovered a forgery and demanded his money back from antique dealer Baldassare del Milanese. He took the Sleeping Cupid back and sold it much more as Michelangelo’s original, since by that time Michelangelo had become the most sought-after sculptor.
Biographer Giorgio Vasari wrote: “Michelangelo also reproduced the drawings of various old masters in such a way that he could be mistaken, because he aged and smoked with smoke and various other things so that they really seemed old and, when comparing them with the authentic ones, distinguish one from another it was impossible. And he did this only in order to return the reproduced ones to get genuine drawings that delighted Continue reading

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HISTORY OF SALE OF PAINTING ON AUCTIONS
The first market for fine arts was captured by commissioner pioneer former navy officer James Christie Sr.. Having arranged the first sale in 1766 in London, he soon already owned…

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VARIETIES OF FIGURE PAINTING
At the end of the 20th century, the term figurative art, figurative painting, began to be used in England. Figurative art - non-abstract paintings, subject painting - the antithesis of…

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THE MOST ANCIENT WALL PAINTED
LIST OF CAVES OF ALTAMIR In 1879, in the Altamira cave in northern Spain, in the province of Santander, wall paintings from the Paleolithic era were first discovered. Scientists have…

...

PALETTE KNIFE
From Italian, a palette knife is translated as a spatula. Palette knife allows you to create a complex and beautiful texture in the picture. Using a palette knife, you can…

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